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BDSM sex dictionary

E Stim / Tens / Electrostimulation

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is an electromedical stimulation current therapy with mono- or (mostly) biphasic square-wave pulses (alternating current) of low frequency, 2-4 Hz (Low), or high frequency, 80-100 Hz (High), which is mainly used for the treatment of pain (analgesia) and for muscle stimulation. The current forms can be both as a constant pulse sequence of rectangular needle pulses, or as interrupted pulse sequences, the burst Tens. The TENS method was developed in the 1970s. Experiments with neurostimulation had been carried out for some time, but rational application only began with the Gate Control Theory of pain (Patrick David Wall/Bill Sweet, C. Norman Shealy et al.).

Mode of action
The effectiveness of TENS is controversially discussed. There are both studies that prove efficacy compared to placebo treatment and studies that could not show any advantage for TENS. There is insufficient data from studies to make a conclusive assessment of efficacy.

A working group of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) under the leadership of R. Dubinsky wanted to know whether TENS is effective in the treatment of pain in neurological diseases and carried out a meta-analysis. For this purpose, a total of eleven studies were identified by April 2009 that fulfilled the inclusion criteria, i.e. that investigated TENS in comparison to either a placebo or another therapy and included at least ten patients. For back pain, there were two class II studies that seemed to show moderate benefit. In contrast, two Class I trials, which had power to detect a 20% difference in the number of patients benefiting from treatment, and another Class II trial failed to demonstrate a positive effect. Since class I studies generate the stronger evidence, TENS must thus be classified as ineffective for the treatment of back pain, the authors said.

For the treatment of mild distal polyneuropathy pain in diabetics, there are two class II studies that compared TENS with sham TENS, and one class III study that tested high-frequency muscle stimulation against TENS. Compared to placebo, the two class II trials found a moderate reduction in pain intensity on a visual analogue scale for real TENS, while in the class III trial, a greater proportion of those treated felt a benefit with muscle stimulation. The authors conclude that TENS may show some efficacy in the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy. However, there are a number of other therapies for this symptom, none of which have been directly compared with TENS. For such a frequently used therapy as TENS for pain syndromes, the evidence for effectiveness is very meagre, the neurologists conclude. They cannot recommend the method for use in back pain on the basis of level A evidence. TENS can be considered for use in patients with diabetic pain, but the quality of the evidence is not very high.

Electrostimulation (also electrosex, estim or e-stim) stands for stimulation with electrical or electronic aids. It does not matter whether this is done with direct current or with low-frequency alternating current. The stimulation happens via special devices such as Violet Wands.

Electrostimulation developed from medical stimulation current technology. Around 1900, Walther Nernst developed the first therapies with stimulation currents. Much later, around the 1950s, it was recognised that these therapies could also induce sexual stimulation. The device called "Relaxacisor", which was actually used for muscle stimulation, was the first step towards electrostimulation. The electrodes were attached directly to or near the genitals. The techniques were quickly incorporated into BDSM games.
  

E Stim / Tens / Electrostimulation

E Stim / Tens / Electrostimulation





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Item number: 178

Category: E

https://en.bdsm-sex-dictionary.com/details_en.php?id=178

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Update: Fri, 11.06.2021



Available translations:

E Stim / Tens / Elektrostimulation

E Stim / Tens / Електрическа стимулация

E刺激 / Tens / 电刺激

E Stim / Tens / Elektrisk stimulering

E Stim / Tens / Elektriline stimulatsioon

E Stim / Tens / Sähköinen stimulaatio

E Stim / Tens / Électrostimulation

E Stim / Tens / Ηλεκτρική διέγερση

E Stim / Tens / Elettrostimolazione

E Stim / Tens / 電気刺激

E Stim / Tens / Elektrostimulācija

E Stim / Tens / Elektrostimuliacija

E Stimulator / Tienen / Elektrostimulatie

E Stim / Tens / Electrostymulacja

E Stim / Tens / Electroestimulação

E Stim / Dez / Eletroestimulação

E Stim / Tens / Stimulare electrică

Е Стим / Десятки / Электростимуляция

E Stim / Tens / elektrisk stimulering

E Stim / Tens / Elektrická stimulácia

E Stim / Tens / Električna stimulacija

E Stim / Tens / Electroestimulación

E Stim / Tens / Elektrická stimulace

E Stimuláció / Tens / Elektrostimuláció